To Grow Your Plum Tree
Firstly, plan the position of the plum tree according to its eventual
size at maturity (click on the left hand Plum Quick Index for 'Size of
Plum Trees'). Allow enough room so that it is not crowded.
Plums have three main needs, warmth (especially important at pollination
time, light and moisture. Plums flower earlier in the season than most
other fruit trees, so they should not be planted in a frost-pocket. If
your garden is in a cool area, avoid early flowering varieties - good
varieties to choose are Czar, Victoria or Marjorie's Seedling.
Plum trees prefer to be positioned in full sun, although some shade in the morning
or afternoon will not affect them much.
As far as moisture is concerned, do not plant in a water-logged area, but
make sure the soil is unlikely to dry out. Don't plant them near other
trees which will simply deprive them of the moisture they
Planting Your Plum Tree
Technically, you can plant your plum tree any time from late
Autumn to early Spring.
The best time to plant is in
when the soil is moist but still
retains some of the summer warmth.
Soil preparation is best done a month or more before planting so that the
soil has time to settle. Dig a 60cm (2ft) deep by 1.2m (4ft) square
hole, incorporating as much organic material as possible - aim to get
the soil crumbly.
On the left (click to enlarge) is
a picture of a one year old bare-rooted plum tree. It is the
variety Blue Tit on Pixy rootstock.
It was delivered (ordered
online) in excellent condition from Blackmoor Nurseries in early
January. The tree was undamaged, labelled correctly and the roots
were still moist.
We recommend this nursery very highly.
Click here to go to
Excuse the angle, it's the picture tilting not the tree!
Click the picture to enlarge it. This is the tree planted on the
allotment. Note that the joint between the scion and rootstock (the joint near the bottom of the
main stem) is 5cm (2in) plus above ground.
If the tree is being planted in soil which has previously been fertilised
for other crops, do not add more fertiliser - too fertile a soil will
result in too much tree growth at the expense of too little fruit
growth. If the plum tree is being planted in a lawn, prepare as above, working in
three handfuls of bonemeal or other long-lasting fertiliser.
is simple - in basic terms, dig a hole large enough to easily take the
roots, place the tree in the hole and cover the roots with soil up to
the surrounding ground level. Simple enough, but bear in mind a few
Don't add any fertiliser to the soil at this time - it may burn the roots and
it will only encourage tree growth at the expense of fruit growth.
tree should be planted to the same depth as it was in the pot (or the
soil mark on the trunk in the case of bare-rooted trees). If in doubt,
make sure that the joining point between the rootstock and scion is at
least 5cms (2in) above ground level (see left). Having planted the tree,
firm down the soil using your boots to ensure the soil is in good
contact with the roots - water well if the conditions are dry.
Plum trees should be supported with a stake for the first couple of years of
their life. The stake should be 15cm (6in) or so from the main stem. Tie
the trunk to the stake at 30cm (1ft) intervals using plastic ties
available from garden centres - do not use wire or anything which could
cut into the tree trunk. The ties will need to be checked for the first
couple of years to ensure that growth of the tree trunk has not caused
them to become too tight.
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Date posted: October 18, 2011 - 08:19 pm
Message: I PLANTED MY PLUM TREE BACK IN MARCH 2010. THE TREE IS ABOUT 8FT. TALL. I HAVE SEEN THE BLOOMING STAGES TWICE BUT NO FRUIT. EVERYTHING LOOKS HEALTHY OR. AM I MISSING SOMETHING? LAREDO,TX
Date posted: September 23, 2011 - 04:45 pm
Message: Hello, I'm from Spain. My mother is looking for some information about the plum tree, special in "Prunus Domestica Italica", Reina Claudia. If we sow a stone of this fruit, the tree that will born will be of the same species or if the fruit will be different? Can you help us please? My english is not very good, sorry. Thanks!!!
Date posted: September 12, 2011 - 12:11 pm
Message: our plun plants have been sprayed with a chinchbug spray could that kill them?
Name: clare korb
Date posted: August 23, 2011 - 07:43 pm
Message: My Victoria type plum is about 10 yrs old. for three years it produced abundantly. I 2010 the blossoms blew off before maturity. 2011 it received a great deal of moisture and has grown to tremendous height, a great deal of foliage. The fruit is larger than before but less in quantity. I harvested the fruit today. I like to steam the fruit, pitted or unpitted. What a drink! MY question is. How much can I prune it and when?
please advise. It is fun to read your comments and advice
Name: p pascoe
Date posted: August 12, 2011 - 08:43 am
Message: can you get a plum tree planting a plum stone and how long will it take to grow
Date posted: June 27, 2011 - 03:38 pm
I Planted a Toka Plum tree two years ago. Now it is 10'tall and very healthy looking with rich green leaves. It bloomed early in April, but no fruits at all. It is the most thriving tree of all the trees I have on my yard. I live in Minnesota.
Can anyone please tell me how long does it take for the Toka Plum tree to yield fruits?
Date posted: June 25, 2011 - 05:23 pm
Message: I am about to plant a TOKA plum tree and a SUPERIOR plum tree but cannot find out how far apart to plant them. Can't find anyone that knows the width at maturity. Can you help, please.
Date posted: June 24, 2011 - 09:12 am
Message: Thanks i only started growing plan and tree this year and found your site a very good help to me thanks again gary
Date posted: January 17, 2011 - 10:41 pm
Message: What fruit tree seeds need a hard freeze before they are planted?
Name: Marina Gregoriou
Date posted: October 14, 2010 - 08:11 am
Message: Can you let me know when it is the best time to plant fruit trees, mainly apples & pears please
Date posted: September 09, 2010 - 03:54 am
Message: Ricky, i live in alice springs myself whether this is the same "hot redding ca" as you are - i am looking at getting a plum tree myself. Have heard mixed comments on how plum's do here, some say they grow good as long as you fertilise it well other people say it is to hot for them here. No green thumb myself, maybe it just needs time to adapt to the soil.
Name: Ricky barcus
Date posted: August 16, 2010 - 09:49 pm
Message: I am no green thumb but i read alot before planting my Thundercloud flowering Plum tree...i planted it in late late spring I live in hot redding ca it grew new leaves in two weeks then fell off the tree is bare now and the smallest of the branches are crispy but i belive the tree is still alive the bigger branches are still bendy i water it every night i hope the tree makes it please help !