Apple Tree Rootstock
||Forms of Apple Tree
Apple trees are extremely adaptable and can be grown in a variety of
shapes. The key factor is the space you have available in your garden.
The principal shapes grown today are listed below with the type
of space they might occupy. Remember that size of the tree will
also depend on the rootstock (see below)
||Very small area|
||Very small area, decorative, but difficult to control
||Small to medium sized gardens|
||Medium to large gardens
All apple trees sold nowadays in the UK and USA are made up from two quite separate
parts which together form the complete tree. The lower part of the apple
tree is called the rootstock - typically it is the the lowest 25cm
(10ins) of the main trunk. This part controls the overall size of the
tree, it does not affect the type or quality of the fruit produced. In
general, the smaller the tree, the faster it will be to produce a full crop
of fruit. After maybe four years, the larger trees catch up, and produce more fruit each year than the smaller trees.
The main body of the apple tree (above the rootstock) is called the 'scion' and
this has been grafted onto the rootstock at the nursery. This top part of
the tree controls the type of apple produced.
The commonly available rootstocks in the UK and USA are listed below. They are
listed in size order, with the smallest first. The sizes quoted are
approximate and are at maturity (roughly seven years old) for a bush
shaped trees - tree size is primarily dependant on the rootstock, but is
also affected by pruning methods, the apple variety and the fertility of
the soil. Click on the more common rootstocks if you are interested in for more detailed information.
||2 to 3 years
3 to 4 years
||3 to 4 years
If you want to know where to buy apple tree
rootstock for grafting or when and how to do this, then
click here for our apple tree
HERE FOR NEXT APPLE TREE PAGE
HERE FOR PREVIOUS APPLE TREE PAGE
Gardening Advice Center
Share with us your gardening experience!
Name: Godric Elmhirst
Date posted: December 20, 2011 - 04:37 am
Message: Do you have 10 'ish 2 year old MM106 apple trees, or know where I could get them. Have a small 'cider' orchard and some have died. Any variety is fine.
Date posted: December 18, 2011 - 02:58 pm
Message: HI there,
I am very interested in M27 rootstock apple trees. Can you send me a price list? Or information on where I can get them. Thank you very much
Name: CHUONG DANG
Date posted: July 13, 2011 - 04:22 pm
Message: Dear Sir/Madam
i would like to have an inqiry for apple rootstock seeds
please give me the price list of very kind of this one
thank you very much
Name: janet wyatt
Date posted: July 03, 2011 - 04:19 pm
Message: blooming cox's apple tree,lots of apples,gorgeouse apple but all covered in scabs,why?can someone tell us if there is something we can do to prevent this please.
Date posted: June 29, 2011 - 05:35 am
We have a MM106 Apple tree. Planted last year, so not really grown much. The branches are laden with apples, meaning all the branches are bending down to the ground. This can't be good for the tree, can it? Should we remove the apples now and let it concentrate on growing ??
Any guidance apprecaiated
Date posted: January 16, 2011 - 12:02 pm
Message: i bought 9 super column apple trees last march and 3 produced fruit. is now the right time to apply a winter tatr wash?
Date posted: December 29, 2010 - 09:39 am
Message: i bought my tree from a local garden centre 1st year
approx 15 apples this year approx 150 yes 150 apples WOW but the tree nesrly fell over so i wired it up then i rmoved about 100 apples now i am going to cut the wire off before it does any more damage then i am going to prune as per your diagramme thanks tom
Date posted: October 23, 2010 - 03:45 pm
Message: What is the best rootstock to use as far as Hardy and the amount of fruit.