Garden Action

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Apple Varieties Each With a Picture  (continued - 3)

Which  Variety?
Two factors should be considered when choosing which variety of apple tree is correct for your garden - taste and pollination. Pollination is dealt with in the next section. Taste is largely a matter of personal preference. Your dessert apple preference may be for a sweet and mild apple like Golden Delicious, a sweet and acid apple like Cox's Orange Pippin or an apple which is more acidic like Discovery. Cooking apples vary in their texture between varieties. 

The table below summarizes the key differences between those apple varieties which GardenAction recommend for your garden, but click on any variety name for more details and in most cases a picture. The 'rating' takes into account ease of growing (disease resistance, pruning) and fruit quality.

Click here for pictures and descriptions of 50 other apple tree varieties



Sweet Juicy Flowering
Rating (4=highest)

Cox's Orange Pippin Sweet Juicy   Middle Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Discovery Medium to Acidic V. Juicy   Middle Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Sweet Dry   Early Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Fiesta Sweet Juicy   Middle Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Fortune Sweet Juicy   Middle Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Greensleeves Medium Juicy   Early Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Idared Medium Medium   Early

James Grieve Medium Juicy   Middle

Jonagold Sweet V. juicy   Middle Picture of Apple Variety Rating

Jupiter Sweet Juicy   Middle

Sweet Dry   Mid/late Picture of Apple Variety Rating



Sweet Juicy Flowering Rating (4=maximum)

Grenadier Acid Juicy   Middle

Monarch Acid Medium   Middle

Rev. W. Wilks Acid Juicy   Early

We recently visited Hill Close Gardens in Warwick which has a variety of lesser known Victorian apple trees. It's worth a visit with the entrance fee only being �3.

Victoriana Nursery banner

Pollination of Apple Trees
Pollination is the method by which apple blossom receives pollen from another variety and goes on to produce an apple.  Ignoring much of the advice in many gardening books, magazines and television programs, many gardeners successfully grow a single apple tree in their gardens. Why do they succeed - the answer is the very mobile bee. Bees will fly literally miles to find the best source of pollen and in this way, a single apple tree can easily be pollinated by an apple tree a mile or more away. 

So, if you live in a reasonably populated area, you can be almost certain that your single apple tree will be pollinated successfully by your neighbour's apple trees. If you try a single apple tree in your garden and it is not pollinated for some reason, the solution is to buy a partially trained cordon or espalier tree later, and this will ensure pollination whilst taking up very little room.

In less populated areas, or those with few surrounding gardens, it is best to plant apple trees in groups of two or more varieties which flower at about the same time. Consult the table on each variety above (see the column flowering / pollination), and you can be certain that where the flowering periods of two varieties match (early, middle or late), they will pollinate each other. Remember too, that many of the ornamental crab apple trees (John Downie and Malus Hillieri for example) make very good pollinating partners. 

Click here for a page that lists which varieties can pollinate each other.



Name: jim@GardenAction
E-mail: Private
Date posted: November 30, 2011 - 03:02 am
Message: If it starts with a capital letteer, it's the variety of cultivar.

Name: yasar
E-mail: Private
Date posted: November 30, 2011 - 02:08 am
Message: Hi'
i have a question about classification of apple .
like Malus domestica Borkh.
above is the scientific name of apple.
what is the Borkh?
it is variety?
pleas inform me

Name: jane drysdale
Date posted: September 03, 2011 - 05:14 am
Message: we are a b/b in kent we have loads of cooking apples which i store for breakfast is it best to store them when they are almost ripe?

Name: ghareeba
Date posted: August 02, 2011 - 07:01 pm
Message: Hi
I have just moved into a property which has 2 apple trees and 1 pear tree. One is a cooking apple tree and the other isn't but as i have not been a gardener and now I am suddenly faced with these wonderful fruit tree's which look like they are dieing. The apples feel hollow and its now august and the pears are small and so are the apples. What shall I do so i can save these trees? Please help me!

Name: Julia Maidment
E-mail: Private
Date posted: July 23, 2011 - 11:34 am
Message: I have a dwarf apple tree which was already in the front garden when I moved in, it has flowered and produced small reddish apples more this year than last year and they were not really edible last year.It is in need of quite a bit of attention it's looking rather uncared for, I need advice on how to prune it back as I don't think it's ever been done and as far as I know it's been there for a few years. But I would like to get it back to how it should be. Many Thanks.

Julia Maidment

Name: Ken Little
Date posted: May 26, 2011 - 05:50 pm
Message: I would like to consider an orchard of bramleys, pruned in the Espalier technique to form "hedges", similar to those in Tasmania. Is this considered reasonable for the Cumbrian climate ?

Name: Ken Little
Date posted: May 26, 2011 - 05:48 pm
Message: I would like to consider an orchard on bramleys, pruned in the Espalier technique to form "hedges, similar to those in Tasmania. is this considered reasonable for the Cumbrian climate ?

Name: M.Roberts
E-mail: Private
Date posted: May 25, 2011 - 03:30 am
Message: I have an apple tree in my back garden that my children grew from a pip 8 years ago, but it has never flowered, but has a kind of catkin growing in spring. Will it ever flower?

Name: Yvonne Mitchell
Date posted: November 03, 2010 - 09:05 am
Message: Apples have now fruited in our new garden. One eating apple is particulary nice and I wondered how I could find out what it is. It is a dwarf variety, sweet and juice with a reddish skin Thankyou

Name: chris
Date posted: October 03, 2010 - 02:57 pm
Message: i am about to plant our first apple/ pear trees in our small garden my neighbours have fruit trees so polination should not be a problem.i would like advise on trees available no taller than 4 feet in height with a large yeald

Name: johno
Date posted: September 21, 2010 - 02:20 pm
Message: Hi, could you identify an apple tree for me,it`s a prolific fruitbearer but only every other year, its about 15 years old and the trunk is as straight as an arrow,and smooth:fruit is medium size,tasty and pale lime colour.I hope someone can solve this mystery. Regards Johno.

Name: Di Woodward
Date posted: August 19, 2010 - 02:36 pm
Message: In my french garden I have a big apple tree. It has dark red fruits that are pink to red all the way through inside. Can anyone help me to identify it please. They are sweet enough to eat and crop very heavily.